(Google translate) Niska Banja is one of the oldest spas in Europe and is located on the main road Nis-Sofia, 10 km southeast of Nis. Located at the foot of wooded hills Koritnik, at an altitude of 248 meters. It is protected from the north winds Svrljiške mountains and throughout the year bathed in sunshine.


(Google translate) Niska Banja is one of the oldest spas in Europe and is located on the main road Nis-Sofia, 10 km southeast of Nis. Located at the foot of wooded hills Koritnik, at an altitude of 248 meters. It is protected from the north winds Svrljiške mountains and throughout the year bathed in sunshine.

Niska Banja Distance from cities:

  • Niska Banja – Niš: 10 km
  • Niska Banja – Sofia: 152 km
  • Niska Banja – Skopje: 210km
  • Niska Banja – Belgrade: 250km
  • Niska Banja – Budapest: 625km
  • Niska Banja – Zagreb: 642km
  • Niska Banja – Ljubljana: 781km

Moderate continental climate and over 70 hectares of forest act soothing and extremely favorable to the treatment and recovery. With average temperature of 11.7 ° C, bath falls into one of the hottest regions in Serbia.

Green vast forests, mild, sedative climate and medicinal waters make the spa an ideal place in which to every heart recover, strengthen and fulfill the positive vibrations of nature.

Besides mild sedative climate, mineral mud and medicinal gas, the best results in the treatment in Niska Banja provide curative treatments, thermal mineral water.

Niska Banja has five sources of mineral water “main source”, “SuvaBanja”, “School Fountain”, “Banjica” and “Pasjača”. Water is one of the group of alkaline earth homeotherms (36-38 ° C), which is slightly mineralized water, with a capacity of 56 liters per second. Enriched with a high concentration of minerals: sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, chlorine, as well as hydrocarbons, sulphates, nitrates of the aqueous solution of silica.

Curative water is enhanced by an increased concentration of radon gas, which has a beneficial effect in the treatment of high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, rheumatic disorders and bone healing. The water also helps in the treatment of diseases of the locomotor system, respiratory, nervous diseases, diseases of the stomach and intestines, disorders of the endocrine glands, as well as in ovarian disease.

In the natural factors of the mud, which is one of and is made by grinding the bigra deposited on the springs, and is applied in the treatment of rheumatic diseases.

According to tests deposits, some of which were created spa terrace and thickness of calcification, the researchers found that the spa springs there are several thousand years old.

II century, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian, in the bathtub there was a bathroom with two basins.

IV century, during the reign of Emperor Constantine, born in Nis, built the pipeline conducted by the warm, soothing water from Niska Banja to the median, the former residence of Roman emperors.

XIV century, after several centuries of stagnation, spas reinstated. There is a legend that the Turks discovered the benefits of Niska Banja and it built the bathroom: “low grazing horses got sick, so it gave tartar from around the spa to keep it. Horse drinking water from the spa origin lay in her stool and was soon cured. ”

1521, Niska Banja station resting Ottoman Emperor Suleiman and his army on the way to the conquest of Belgrade. Between the two wars, Niska Banja experiencing a particular boom and became a favorite place for fashionable layers of Serbian society.

King Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic had in Niska Banja his mansion, which still captivates with its architecture. Keen healing, spa water, issued a special order his subjects to every other day filled with mineral water balloons and sent them to his residence in Belgrade.

Niska Banja was the favorite place of three kings and two Serbian dynasty (Obrenovic and Karadjordjevic). In honor of their rulers and kings residents of Niska Banja erected a memorial fountain and called the “Three Kings”.

Modern Niska Banja

Niska Banja, 10 km away from Nis, located on the slopes of Mount Koritnjak, next to the intercontinental transit route (Via Militaris, later Constantinople road). It is known as a healing thermal springs since Roman times, namely ll century AD There is evidence that there were built large facilities in operation bathrooms.

After the invasion of the Huns in the fifth century and the relative neglect of the Turkish period (konačište imperial army), only in the XVI century begins the formation of the settlement of Turkish and Serbian population to the nineteenth century, the Serbs moved several kilometers to the east, probably due to the Turkish violence.

Only after these parts definitive liberation from Turkish rule in 1878, the Serbian population is slowly returning and re-inhabited around the source of hot water, which had previously existed only inns, mills and a few houses, but not closed bathroom. Railway station Banja received in 1887, a regulation plan 1924 electric lighting in 1925.

Around 1920 began the rapid expansion of settlements, demolish the old and dilapidated buildings and build new formed municipalities, raises a primary school and a church. Residents of Banja recognize the opportunities provided mineral water and building, except residential houses and rooms for rent. It was built narrow-gauge railway from the railway station Niska Banja to the nearby coal mines Jelašnica.
When King Aleksandar I Karadjordjevic started to visit the Spa in 1928 for medical treatment, and in 1931 completes his house, it probably becomes a turning point when it begins rapid expansion of building houses for the holidays and for rent, villas, hotels, bathrooms and other ancillary facilities. The incentive is certainly the construction of the tram line to Nis 1930 as the time for the fastest and most modern modes of public transport. Construction of water and sewage network in 1934 or 1936 Nišlija Dragisa Cvetkovic, Minister of Internal Affairs, later Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, ordered the project to his villa of the already affirmed architect. Alexander Medvedev, which was completed in 1937.

From historiography is known that in 1927 in Stuttgart, built resort Weissenhofsiedlung, as a kind of showcase of modern architecture in the open air, which is then gathered the most important architects of Europe. This begs the comparison with Niska Banja and facilities on a site that does not exceed an area of ​​several acres, but that this is a spontaneous and unplanned construction of urban planning based on the distribution of lots and only promissory street. The fact that all this happens only a few years after the first significant breakthrough of modern architecture in Europe, and there is concentrated more objects of unquestionable architectural value, is a phenomenon worthy of attention. Here is another feature present Moderne: the successful integration of the new style in the neighborhood, as a logical continuation nljasleđene architectural traditions (examples of Dedinje and Senjak in Belgrade, Zagreb and surroundings, the Adriatic coast).

In the beginning of the said period of urbanization and construction of the Spa, a dominant influence, as electicism by powerful lobbies architects of the old style, as well as traditional or folk architecture, which due to the awakening of strong national consciousness developed a specific style in our area. On the other hand, at first shyly and later more frequently, begin to emerge the first effects of modern architectural trends over from Europe. I own investors gradually accept such an architecture, something as a result of education and understanding that the new currents in Europe, something good, functional and useful, and somewhat as a result of fashion and the desire to not be different from the already accepted modern trends. Therefore, during this period that happens, but accepted the project in the spirit of electicism investor refuses and demands from architects to processing the “modern style”.